Social Discrimination Based on Caste is a Reality in India

social discrimination in Assam, IndiaSocial Discrimination based on caste has became a reality in India which is hard to ignore.  Though the rate of Educated people has increased Dramatically in India still social Discrimination has remained a cause of concern for the country.

The concept:

The concept of Social Discrimination has been there in the country since the Vedic period. Social Discrimination though it is practiced in several religions, it is mostly seen in the Hindu religion. It was introduced by Brahmanas who divided the social hierarchy into four varnas; they are- Brahmin, khastriya, Vaishas and Sudra where Sudras remained the lowest in the hierarchy. This division was made on the basis of the occupations practiced during those times. Sudras used to practice the lowest of all the occupations thus also termed as untouchables. This social divisions were taken forward and practiced by different generations which is continued till today.

Discrimination Today:

Today society has grown from those ancient times. Today development has became the main point of focus. Every section of people is now capable of earning his livelihood through different occupations. Today not only the people of higher caste engage in every activity but also the people of lower caste also engage in different activities but it cannot be ignored that the social discrimination based on caste still continued till today. It cannot be ignored that most of the social discriminations are being practiced in villages but we cannot turn our heads from the cities too where social discriminations if not practiced in the foreground, it is practiced in the background. For example – improper treatment to the street vendors, drivers, manual scavenging by the low caste people for cleaning the street drains, lower class peoples are appointed as sweepers for institutions etc. The violent form of social discriminations is practiced in the villages in different forms such as- untouchability is widely practiced in the villages of Rajasthan, UP, MP etc. The people from Dalit community are not allowed to enter the temples, public places. Also they are known as untouchables, there are several categories of peoples who belongs to lower class of SCs and STs who are termed as impure class. Even there are many communities who have to live outside the villages and can enter the villages only at night example: Chondalas.

Social discrimination based on caste has became a major cause of concern for the country as several natures of problems have arisen out of it such as- Firstly it has caused dominance of only higher class/caste people in prestigious jobs or any kind of well paid jobs. Secondly serious nature of social discomfort as several sections of people has used reservations in jobs and education as an agenda for disturbing the peace and harmony of the country. Thirdly most of the opportunities are taken only by higher classes. Fourthly low respect in the mind of people of higher class for lower class. Fifth inter-caste marriage has become a hard choice. These social discriminations have also introduced several serious natures of National problems such as unequal development, lower class people unable to take advantage of the government policies etc.


The main cause of these social problems is because of the mindset, as social discrimination is the product of mind. It is only because people believes to certain ideologies in their mind which leads to discriminate other people on the basis of caste. Apart from the main cause that is mind there are also several causes such as- It is seen that every highly educated people also have misconceptions or believes of high caste and lower caste though they don’t support social discriminations practically, they support in the unconscious system which come out while they talk to their servants, drivers etc. One of the important cause of these social discrimination is lack of access to the basic policies of the government to the depressed class as in many cases the fouls in the implementing procedure results in depriving of the depressed class.

What can be done?

It is not that these social discrimination based on caste cannot be erased out from our country as the need of the hour is better policies as well as better mindset as everything starts with the thinking and thus thinking in right direction may lead to far better development for the country in the social sector too.

Bhuchitra is a student of Mass Communication & Journalism in IDOL, Gauhati University.

He holds a bachelor degree in English.